1.I stood in line very early in the morning in order to get a ticket.

2.I saw Julia for the first time in six months.

3.I’m very sad to hear that Daniel is moving to Chicago soon.


1.You should take the subway ( to ) ( go ) ( downtown ).

2.I have a fever. ( To ) ( make ) ( matters ) ( worse ), I have a bad cough, too.

3.( Fortunately ), we were able to avoid the traffic jam.

4.Bill stood talking ( with ) his hands ( in ) ( the ) ( pocket ).


1.My mother and I talked about the trip, washing dishes.

2.Covered with clouds, the sky looked dark and dull.

3.My family went to Hiroshima to see relatives.

4.We can go almost anywhere in Japan within a day because of advances in transportation.

Practice 1


1.Meg will have arrived by the time you come back.

2.Could you speak up so that everybody can hear you?

3.Because there has been a shortage of rain, the price of vegetables is high.


1.Children like to play outside ( even ) ( if ) it’s very cold.

2.I’ll make my own decision, ( whatever ) ( my ) ( parents ) say.

3.Last night I was ( so ) ( sleepy ) ( that ) I could’t study for today’s test.

4.awe won’t get to Tokyo before noon ( unless ) ( we ) ( leave ) early in the morning.


1.My cell phone rang while I’m talking with my father.

2.We will win the final game as long as we do our best.

3.I will leave home at six to climb the mountain unless it rains.

4.Although this town is not known well, it has a lot of attractions.